Although computers are now an integral part of people’s lives, there were times when computers did not exist. Knowing the history of computers and how much progress has been made can help you to understand how complex computer systems are and how advanced they are. Unlike many other machines, the computer is one of the few inventions that do not have a single creator.
Probably the most important day in the history of computers was 1936. It was in this year that the first “computer” was introduced. It was founded by Konrad Zuse and renamed Z1 Computer. This computer stood as the first as it was the first system to be fully organized. There have been devices before this, but none have the power to make a computer stand out from other electronic devices.
It was not until 1942 that any business saw a profit and an opportunity for computers. The first company was called ABC computers, owned and operated by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry. Two years later, the Harvard Mark I computer was introduced, advancing computer science.
Over the next few years, developers around the world began searching for more computer research, and how to improve it. The next decade marks the introduction of a transistor, which would be an integral part of the internal operation of a computer, ENIAC 1 computer, and many other types of systems. ENIAC 1 is probably one of the most exciting, as it required 20,000 vacuum tubes to operate. It was a big machine and he started the evolution of building smaller and faster computers. Their first offering was IBM 701 EDPM Computer.
Planning Language Changes
A year later, the first successful language for a high level of planning was developed. This was the language of the program which was not written in ‘assembly’ or binary, which is considered to be the most inferior language. FORTRAN was written so that more people could start setting up computers more easily.
In 1955, the Bank of America, in conjunction with Stanford Research Institute and General Electric, saw the first computers built for banks. MICR, or Magnetic Ink Character Recognition, integrated with the real computer, ERMA, has been a success in the banking industry. It was not until 1959 that these two systems were used in real banks.
In 1958, one of the most significant breakthroughs in computer history occurred, with the construction of an integrated circuit. This device, also known as a chip, is one of the basic needs of modern computer systems. On all motherboards and cards within the computer system, there are many chips that contain information about what the boards and cards are doing. Without these chips, the systems as we know them today will not work.
Games, Mice, and the Internet
For many computer users now, games are an important part of the computer experience. In 1962 the first computer game was developed, created by Steve Russel and MIT, called Spacewar.
The mouse, one of the basic components of modern computers, was created in 1964 by Douglass Engelbart. It got its name from the “tail” of the device.
One of the most important features of computers today was introduced in 1969. The ARPA net was the original internet, which provided the internet foundation we know today. These developments can lead to the development of knowledge and business throughout the world.
It was not until the 1970s that Intel entered the scene with the first flexible RAM chip, which led to the explosion of computer science fiction.
On the heels of RAM, the chip was the first microprocessor, also designed by Intel. These two components, in addition to the chip built-in 1958, can be counted among the major components of modern computers.
A year later, a floppy disk was created, getting its name from the evolution of the last unit. This was the first step in allowing more people to transfer pieces of data between offline computers.
The first communication card was created in 1973, allowing data transfer between connected computers. This is similar to the Internet but allows computers to connect without using the internet.
Home PC appears
The next three years were crucial for computers. This is where companies started developing common consumer programs. Shelby, Mark-8 Altair, IBM 5100, Apple I and II, TRS-80, and Commodore Pet computers were not the first in this area. Although expensive, these machines have introduced the practice of computers in ordinary homes.
One of the major breakthroughs in computer software came in 1978 with the release of the VisiCalc Spreadsheet program. All development costs are paid within a two-week period, making this one of the most successful programs in computer history.
The year 1979 was probably one of the most important years for a home computer user. This is the year in which WordStar, the first-word processing system, was released to the public for sale. This greatly changed the usefulness of computers for everyday users.
The IBM Home Computer quickly helped transform the consumer market in 1981, as it was affordable to homeowners and regular buyers. In 1981 it also saw major Microsoft enter the scene with the MS-DOS application. This app has completely changed the use of the computer, as it was easy enough for everyone to learn.
Competition Begins Apple vs. Microsoft
Computers also saw another significant change during 1983. The Apple Lisa computer was the first to have a user interface or GUI. Many modern applications contain a GUI, which allows them to be easy to use and pleasing to the eye. This marked the beginning of the obsolescence of many text-based programs.
Beyond this point in computer history, many changes and transformations have taken place, from the Apple-Microsoft wars to the development of small computers and the various breakthroughs of computers that have become an accepted part of our daily lives in our life. Without the first steps of computer history, none of this would have been possible.